COP 20 03 2017

Emerging from a successful participation at the 22nd Conference of the Parties (COP 22) in Marrakech, Morocco, stakeholders have begun a fresh effort to ascertain Nigeria’s obligations under the new global agreement in Paris and effective strategies for Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) targets.

They met at a one-day Post COP 22 Stakeholders Consultative meeting organised by the Federal Ministry of Environment in partnership with Surez Global Resources Limited in Abuja, and agreed that Nigeria should submit proposal to the Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme (RPSP) towards the preparation of its long overdue Technology Need Assessments (TNA).

The discussion anchored by the Director, Department of Climate Change (DCC), Dr. Peter Tarfa focused on the activities and outcomes of COP 22 and role Nigeria played at the Convention; analysis of the implications and opportunities presented by the implementation of the Paris Agreement; role of the relevant stakeholders in fulfilling Nigeria’s obligation.

They also expressed the need to strengthen the climate finance unit already in place to become a functional structure for climate finance in the country and also need to pursue the Green Bonds and other initiatives to a logical conclusion.

Similarly, the participants urge the ministry to monitor closely developments happening at the Adaptation Fund to ensure that the country benefits maximally from the financial resources provided by the fund.

They agreed to set up a technical committee to look at the various issues raised and make inputs into the expected submissions by parties before April 1 2017; forward its nominations of experts to participate in the activities of the established ad hoc technical expert group on response measures, through the coordinators of the regional groups and the SBI and SBSTA Chairs.

Dignitaries, which included the Chairmen of the Climate Change Committees in the National Assembly, representative of the Permanent Secretary, Federal Ministry of Environment, senior officials of Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs), Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and media also agreed to review the nation’s Gender and Climate Change Action to make it more robust to incorporate many of the issues that the country is expected to address as it communicates with the Convention.

They recommended for a co-ordinated national approach to COPs, such as a robust leadership to head the delegation – the need for President/Minister to attend; early notification to be sent to various stakeholders; identify core negotiators/designated negotiators and adequate budgetary allocation for participants.

The participants also sought for designations of clear roles and responsibilities; enhance synergy with MDAs, States and Federal Government; need to facilitate knowledge fare before conferences within MDAs.

They also agreed for a research conference to support Climate Change negotiations to be hosted in Abakaliki through a robust preparatory/planning committee; research on sustainable low carbon development pathways, especially on key mitigation measures mentioned in Nigeria’s INDC.

Stakeholders further called for Nigeria to develop a Gender and Climate Change Action for the COPs, adding that relevant knowledge should be equipped in the issues of loss and damage, developments and transfer of technologies, gender and climate change action and capacity building.

However, to ensure consistency of delegates participation to COP meetings; they agreed that the ministry should pursue early accreditation to ensure readiness; setting up a desk Unit within DCC for COP activities to enhance information sharing.


After successfully meeting the target for the Management Plan for phasing out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), Nigeria will commence the second phase. During the first phase, Nigeria had committed to the completion of the 2013 consumption freeze and 2015 10% reduction target.

This came to light when stakeholders representing the Refrigeration & Air Conditioner (RAC) sector which includes the Federal Ministry of Environment, National Agency for Food Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC), National Association of Refrigeration & Air-conditioning Practitioners (NARAP), Vitapur, PZ, UNIDO and UNDP met in Lagos for consultations on field data estimates for the preparation of Phase II of the project and remaining activities under Phase I.

The meeting identified solutions to data collection bottlenecks faced during the first phase of the project.

Stakeholders at the meeting also agreed that  in the second phase, training and certification on safe handling of flammable refrigerants, commercialization of the HC Plant, sensitization on Ozone and climate-friendly alternatives, supply and distribution of additional machines to beneficiaries in the RACM sector will be among the priorities.

They also agreed to work  towards achieving 35% reduction in HCFCs consumption by 2020 through strengthening of collaboration with chemical regulatory agencies.

The Director of Pollution Department of the Federal Ministry of Environment, represented by Mrs. O.O Agbenla, emphasized the need to deepen collaboration amongst relevant government agencies and other stakeholders in stopping illegal importation of ozone depleting substances (ODS) and implementation of the HPMP.

A special presentation was made by UNDP Egypt, represented by Amir Sabry. Egypt has a similar project developed using technology from Nigeria. The project has been completed and will soon be commercialized.

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Sokoto State Governor Aminu Waziri Tambuwal has commended the FG and the World Bank for ongoing efforts to restore the natural vegetation of the state. Tambuwal at launch of Nigeria Erosion & Watershed Management, NEWMAP projects in the state, said it marks the beginning of the rehabilitation of the Earth Dams in the state, especially the Lugu Dam “and this is a right move towards abundant foods supplies and economic self sufficiency.”

The Governor said NEWMAP is coming to Sokoto at the right time given the need to restore and rehabilitate the Lugu Dam that serves over 3000 famers working on the farm land. Earlier the NEWMAP Task Team Leader, Dr. Amos Abu commended the commitment of the State government for putting in place a solid state Project management Team and quick release of the states’ counterpart fund.

NEWMAP project has earmarked about 6.5Billion for the restoration of the Watershed in the Lugu Dam area while the state has shown commitment of 1.33 Billion as counterpart contribution to this life saving project.

Some of NEWMAP’s projects in the state includes Rehabilitation of Lugu dam and associated wurno irrigation scheme; Control of river bank erosion and river retraining in Sabon Birin/ Yarbulutu; Channelization of runoff in Tudun Wada Sokoto metropolis; Channelization of runoff in Goronyo; Reconstruction of earth dam in Rafin-duma/ Kadassaka Gada; Reconstruction of earth dam in Ungushi kebbe; Channelization of runoff and the construction of earth dam in Tambuwal; Channelization of runoff and construction of earth dam in Durbawa Kware; Channelization of runoff and earth dam in Sifawa Bodiga and Channelization of runoff in Wamakko.

Low sulphur vehicles

In-line with the government commitment to reduce emission to protect human health, the Federal Ministry of Environment in collaboration with Ministry of Trade and Investment/Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON), and in due consultations with relevant stakeholders, have successfully reviewed Standards of sulphur content in diesel and Petro- products. The specified level of sulphur that would henceforth be acceptable in petroleum fuels used in the country is as follows: From July 1, 2017, diesel should have maximum sulphur levels of 50 parts per million (ppm) (Reference NIS 948:2017); from July 1, 2017, petrol should have maximum Sulphur levels of 150 ppm (Reference NIS 116:2017); and from July 1, 2017, Household Kerosine (HHK) should have maximum Sulphur levels of 150 ppm (Reference NIS 949:2017).

Nigeria also facilitated an ECOWAS Agreement on Sulphur content in diesel and Petro- products.

Petroleum products that have high sulphur contents levels produce high emission levels in automotive engines. Such vehicular emissions contain high level of toxic pollutants such as benzenes and particulates that have negative impacts on human health and on the environment. Modern vehicles require fuels that meet high quality standards for a more efficient operation of their engines. Nigeria’s current import standards are 3,000 ppm on diesel and 1,000 ppm on gasoline.


The United Nations Resident Coordinator in Nigeria, Edward Kallou has called on the people of Ogoni to support the Hydrocarbon Pollution Remediation Project, HYPREP as it puts structures in place preparatory to the final take off of the clean-up of oil polluted Ogoni land.

Kallou made the call at an oil impacted site at Kwawa in Khana Local Government Area where he led a delegation of the United Nations to monitor the training of Technical Assistants by HYPREP.

He commended the Project Coordinator of HYPREP, Dr. Marvin Dekil on his meticulous approach to the clean-up of Ogoni land and urged the locals to exercise some more patience for the project to commence properly.

The UN Resident Coordinator in Nigeria assured Ogonis that the clean-up project is on course but that the technical aspect needs to be diligently taken care of for the physical clean up to take place and promised the world body’s commitment to the success of the project.

Project Coordinator of HYPREP, Dr. Marvin Dekil told the UN Resident Coordinator that so far HYPREP has set up a committee to assess existing water facilities in Ogoni land in line with the recommendation of the UNEP report that potable water be provided for Ogonis since their sources of water have been polluted by oil spills.

He stated that the Committee has turned in its report and HYPREP is talking with water consultants on how to effectively and satisfactorily provide pipe borne water in Communities of Ogoni.

Dr. Dekil further stated that HYPREP is in touch with Johns Hopkins University in the United States, the University of Port Harcourt and other consultants to launch a health impact assessment study of Ogoni land with the aim of providing a comprehensive medical care for the people.

He explained that for a successful clean up to take place there was need to stop re-pollution of remediated sites which is why he had an interactive forum with Ex-Refiners to put an end to their illegal oil refining activities so that as the project starts there wouldn’t be any draw back on it.

The HYPREP Coordinator also informed Mr. Kallou that HYPREP in collaboration with the United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNITAR is training Ogoni women whose sources of livelihood have been impacted by oil pollution to acquire alternative skills to sustain themselves and their families.

Highpoints of the visit were a courtesy call on the Kwawa council of chiefs and a demonstration by the newly trained Technical Assistants for the remediation programme.

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